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QB21 .P86 1538 "Kl. Ptolemaiou Megales sunt axeos : bibl. 13, Thenos Alexandreos Eis ta auta ugomnematon bibl. Ia. (romanized form) = Claudii Ptolemaei Magnae constructionis, id est, Perfectae coelestium motuum pertractionis, lib. XIII. : Theonis Alexandrini in eosdem commentariorum Lib. XI."
"Ptolemy, fl. 2nd cent."

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Claudius Ptolomaeus, d. after AD 161. Magnae Constructionis (Almagest). Basel, Ionnem Walderum, 1538. 2 volumes in 1. Also included is Theonis Alexandrini in eosdem Commentariorum Lib. XI. Small printer's device on title page, diagrams, historiated initials throughout. 1 leaf with Walder device on verso. Bound in contemporary calf, gilt, with large armorial stamp on sides of Marcus Laurinus, gilt fleurons in each compartment of spine. Ownership inscription on title page "Bibliotheca Colbertina" and other library stamps including Viscount Messey, Mathematical Society, and the Royal Astronomical Society.

First editions of the Greek text, edited by Simon Grynaeus from the original manuscript (Arabic, 827).

The Almagest (an Arabic word for "the great astronomer") is an encyclopedia of astronomy, based on Hipparchus's work, and is the most accurate ancient description of the heavens. It "established astronomy as a mathematical discipline. It contains an elaborate theory of the planets, the discovery of the second inequality of the moon's motion (known as evection), the determination of the distance of the moon, an exposition of spherical and plane trigonometry and an account of the construction and use of astronomical instruments." (Printing and the Mind of Man, 1967, p. 23)



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