Isaac Newton, 1642-1727. Philosophia naturalis principia mathematica.
Autore Is. Newton. Imprimatur. S. Pepys, Reg. soc. praeses. Julii 5, 1686.
Londini, Jussu Societatis Regiae ac Typis Josephi Streater; prostat apud
plures Bibliopolas, 1687. First issue of first edition, engraved diagrams
and folding plate. Bound in contemporary vellum.
In this book, Newton mathematically presented the principle of universal
gravitation wherein all bodies, of whatever mass, attract one another in
proportion to their masses and in inverse ratio as the square of the
distance between them. This applies to dust particles as to the mightiest
celestial bodies, to the tidal movements of water, to the moon in its orbit
and the blaze of the comet. (Heralds of Science, 1955, 13)
The first two books of the Principia are on mechanics, the third on the
phenomena of the solar system.